Red River Hog

These pigs are so-called because of their distinctive coat colouration, as well as their habit of wallowing in water.


Red river hogs are largely nocturnal, excavating burrows in woodland and swampy areas so they can rest safely during the day. Their tusks are relatively inconspicuous, although those in the lower jaw can reach 7.5 cm (3 in) long. Red river hogs dig using their tusks and snouts to uproot bulbs and tubers that they have located in the soil. They live in groups called "sounders", consisting of a harem of sows and their piglets, accompanied by a boar.

Distribution: Confined to western and central parts of Africa, from Senegal to the Central African Republic and possibly east through southern Sudan to western parts of Ethiopia.


Weight: 45 - 120 kg (99 - 265 lb); boars are heavier.

Length: 130 - 195 cm (51 - 77 in), including tail; up to 80 cm (32 in) tall.

Maturity: 18 - 21 months.

Gestation Period: 120 - 127 days; weaning occurs 2 - 4 months later.

Number of Offspring: Usually 1 - 4, but can be as many as 6.

Diet: Omnivorous, eating vegetation, fruit, roots and carrion.

Lifespan: Can be up to 20 years.


The ears are large and taper to their tips, where there are tassels of longer hair.


The tail of red river hog is long, measuring up to 45 cm (18 in), and has a tuft of hair at its tip.


The coat is reddish-brown with a white mane and head markings.


Only boars have warts on their faces and a bony ridge on the forehead.


Fighting between red river hogs is not especially aggressive, as the combatants generally push each other with their heads, engaging in trials of strength.