This handsome, immensely powerful dog is popular as a family pet as well as a guard dog. Only experienced owners should consider owning this breed as it needs good obedience training, firm control and socialization to make it a good-mannered pet.


The Rottweiler's likely origin is from Mastiff-style dogs which travelled with Roman armies driving livestock as they swept northwards conquering Europe. First used as boar hunters, then as cattle drovers in the German city of Rotweill. they doubled as custodians of traders' money. This dog is devoted to its family but must be taught its place kindly and persistently. Because of its intensely protective nature, never leave it with young children as. like all guarding breeds, it might misinterpret signals.

Puppies need kind but firm handling and socialization if they are to grow up into good-natured adult dogs.


Very few Rottweilers are now used for their droving ability. Instead, their strong protective instincts are used in security work, patrolling building sites and industrial installations and protecting security van guards. Because of their intelligence, some countries train them as customs and police dogs, mountain rescue dogs and even for sled hauling.

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A small amount of hip dysplasia is present. Osteochondrosis Dessicans (OCD) is largely under control, but Rottweilers may suffer from cruciate ligament rupture, entropion and eczema.


Highly intelligent, the Rottweiler's strong naturally protective instincts need proper socialization with firm but kind training. Although generally good natured and biddable, these powerful dogs can be difficult in the wrong hands. They should never be left alone with children or strangers.


A big, thick-set, muscled dog, the Rottweiler should show boldness and confidence, never nervousness or aggressiveness. A calm look indicates a good nature. It is very powerful with great strength and a broad chest. Dogs are 63-69cm (25-27in) in height while bitches are 58-63cm (23-25in).

Strangers 5/5

Great guard dog

Temperament 3/5

Good natured but can be dominant without good training

Exercise 4/5

Frequent, thrives on plenty of activity

Grooming 1/5

Easy care; weekly brush and comb

Other dogs 5/5

Take care as they will not back down


The time spent training pays dividends

General care

Keep these dogs' muscles hard with walking, free running and play. If living in a town, they should be taken out for a brisk walk at least twice a day. With their thick, smooth coat, they need only be brushed once a week with a stiff brush to remove dead hairs.

Gallery of Rottweiler