Pugs are endearing characters and make excellent and loving companions. They enjoy human company and living in a family pack. The breed standard's description of "multum in parvum" is extremely apt as you get a lot of personality in a little dog.


The Pug and Pekingese may have been originally related because of the striking similarity of their muzzles and body shape. However, they were separate breeds by the 1600s, as shown in Chinese art. Dutch mariners brought them to Holland whereupon they became favourites of royalty after a pet Pug warned William, Prince of Orange, that Spanish soldiers were approaching to capture him at the battle of Hermingny and he escaped. William and Mary introduced the Pug to Britain where it was often decorated with orange ribbons as an honoured member of the Royal Household of Orange. There is no evidence that this breed ever worked although, from an evolutionary point of view, they are Mastiffs. Their "work" has always been to bring solace to human beings for whom they have an uncanny understanding.

With its distinctive black face and prominent eyes, the Pug makes a rewarding and entertaining pet dog.


Tolerant and easy-going with children. Pugs are very intelligent with an independent comical character. They are guaranteed to bring laughter into any household with their strange facial expressions. They like sitting up high to watch the world go by. They are stubborn but easily trained to be clean.

Pugs have forceful characters and are very strong-willed.

must know

Generally, the Pug enjoys good health but sometimes experiences a little difficulty in breathing, so take care in hot weather. Their protuberant eyes are vulnerable to scratches, so take care of them.


The Pug is a sturdy, thick-set small dog with flat features and a distinctive curled tail. It has a fine, smooth, short coat, which may be coloured silver, apricot, fawn or black with a black facial mask. It is 25-28cm (10-11in) in height.

Strangers 3/5

Not a guard dog but will warn of strangers

Temperament 4/5

Even tempered and lively, humorous

Exercise 3/5

Regular exercise but not excessive

Grooming 1/5

A light brushing daily

Other dogs 3/5

No problems


A great companion if you don't mind a little snoring

General care

Pugs do not require excessive walking but enjoy a walk twice a day as they like seeing the world. Grooming is easy - a light brushing daily gives a glow to a Pug's coat. Make sure you keep the eyes, ears and crease above the nose clean.

Gallery of Pug