Miniature Schnauzer

The Miniature variety is the most popular of the Schnauzer breeds, particularly in America where its final development took place. Because of their working antecedents. Mini Schnauzers are very active and keen on doing things, particularly activities with their owners such as Agility, Obedience and Flyball.


It is claimed that this breed was created by crossing the larger, Standard Schnauzer with the little Affenpinscher. Both these breeds had been present in Germany from at least the 17th century, and such crosses would have been easy to arrange.

At the end of the 19th century, two Frankfurt breeders, were active with both Schnauzers and Affenpinschers and it is thought that the process of miniaturization, already started by selecting the smallest members of Schnauzer litters, was taken further by them. The earliest recorded example of a Miniature Schnauzer in a stud book dates from 1888, and the breed’s first appearance at a dog show from 1899.

Some authorities have cited Miniature Pinschers, Miniature Poodles, Pomeranians, Fox Terriers and Scottish Terriers as possible contributors to the ancestry of the Miniature Schnauzer, but these claims have not been substantiated.

Looking like a dwarf version of the larger Schnauzers, the Miniature displays the typical thick eyebrows, moustache and whiskers, and the wiry or black coat typical of all Schnauzers. Its height is 14 in (36 cm) or less, compared with 18—20 in (45—50 cm) for the Standard breed. Its tail is traditionally closely docked and its ears have often been cropped to create erect points. Today ear-cropping is widely condemned in the veterinary world and, when left in their natural state in this breed, they fold over and downwards.

Intelligent and very sensitive, this game little dog makes a good companion for all the family.


Affable, sensitive and extremely intelligent, the Miniature Schnauzer learns its manners very quickly, suiting all homes, especially those with young children. An excellent pet dog which learns quickly what is expected of it, it is small enough to be carried but is not a toy. These dogs are very playful and get on well with other animals and children.

must know

The Miniature Schnauzer is a hardy little dog but puppies should be bought from eye-tested parents and should be tested themselves in the fullness of time.


This small square dog has a wire coat and profuse furnishings on the legs, a distinctive beard and lowering eyebrows. The coat colour is pepper and salt (greyish), black or a striking black and silver. The dogs are 35cm (14in) in height whereas the bitches are 33cm (13in).

Strangers 4/5

Slightly suspicious; a good guard dog

Temperament 5/5

Loving, easy-going happy, playful pet

Exercise 3/5

Will run ten miles or take less

Grooming 5/5

Hand stripping four times yearly; furnishings combed frequently

Other dogs 1/5

Not quarrelsome


Ideal dog for a young and active family

General care

This breed tends to overweight, so Miniature Schnauzers must be exercised. They will take as much as an owner is prepared to give although smaller amounts are acceptable. The dog's coat requires particular attention and it should be hand stripped about four times a year. The furnishings and beard must be combed out at least two or three times every week.

A Miniature Schnauzers distinctive long beard and furnishings on the legs need frequent brushing and combing to keep the coat in good condition.


Gallery of Miniature Schnauzer