Mammals

Elephant Shrew

Elephant Shrew

The 15 species of African elephant shrews have extraordinary trunklike noses. Although once assigned to the insectivores, elephant shrews are now classified in their own order. Elephant shrews, or sengis, are small African mammals.

Elk

Elk

The name Elk often causes confusion. In North America elks are known as moose. To compound this confusion, the name elk is also used in the Americas to refer to red deer. Elks are the largest deer in the world. They live in the cold conifer forests.

Emperor Tamarin

Emperor Tamarin

The distinctive moustachioed appearance of these monkeys led to them being named after Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany, following their discovery in the early 1900s. Easily identified by its flowing white mustache, the emperor tamarin is one of 12 species.

European Hare

European Hare

Unlike rabbits, hares do not live in burrows. They spend most of the time alone, although a few may be seen together at good feeding sites. A fast-running hare, with long hind limbs, the brown, or European hare is mainly active at dusk and at night.

European Mole

European Mole

The European mole lives across most of Europe, including large parts of Britain, but does not live in southern Europe, which is too dry. However, the species is found across northern Asia as far as China. Like all moles, this species is a tunneller.

European Rabbit

European Rabbit

Rabbits depend on microbes in their intestinal tract to digest their food, and they also eat their own droppings to absorb the nutrients. Smaller than a hare, with shorter legs and ears, the common rabbit is brownish on the upperparts, with buffy-white underneath.

Fallow Deer

Fallow Deer

Fallow deer are easily distinguishable from other species of European deer by their somewhat flattened antlers and spotted summer coats. In some places fallow deer live alone, while in others they come together to form small herds of up to 30 individuals.

Fennec Fox

Fennec Fox

These desert-dwelling foxes are superbly adapted to living in their particularly harsh environment. They are the smallest of all canids, with disproportionately large ears. They are able to dig very quickly to catch any fast-moving prey living in the sand.

Fox

Fox

The foxes live in male-female pairs, and these pairings persist until one partner dies. Although they travel and den in pairs, they hunt alone. The pair will defend a territory, which grows during the dry season as food becomes more scarce.

Fur Seal

Fur Seal

South African fur seals spend most of the year at sea. They rarely venture very far from the land, however, generally staying within 160 km (100 miles) of the coast. The fur seals’ main foods are free-swimming aquatic animals such as fish and squid.