Regarded by whalers as the "right" whales to exploit, they have been killed in such numbers by commercial whalers over the last century that they are rare today. Bowhead whales live in the Arctic Ocean, where they live among ice floes.
The ancestors of today’s brown bears crossed into North America over what has since become the Bering Strait, at a time when this area was land. This explains why today the distribution of this species is centred on the western side of North America.
Brush rabbits are found along the Pacific coast of the United States, from the south side of the Columbia River Valley along the northern border of Oregon to the deserts of southern California. Their range does not penetrate far inland.
One of the most dangerous of all Africa’s animals as far as people are concerned, these buffaloes are fearless, and equipped with fearsome horns. They can be very aggressive, and have been known to inflict fatal injuries on lions.
Bush dogs first became known from fossilized remains discovered in a Brazilian cave, rather than from a living animal. Their small size makes them hard to observe, particularly in rainforest areas, where there are numerous hiding places.
The 9 species of galagos, or bushbabies are found only in Africa. All species are arboreal. They have long limbs and tails and are excellent leapers. The bushbaby, or lesser galago, has the widest distribution of any species of African prosimian.
Bushbucks live across Central Africa south of the Sahara Desert to the north of the Kalahari Desert. They are not found in the rainforest of the Congo but live in most other open habitats that have enough cover. They are browsers, picking leaves and fruits.
These pinnipeds are quite often seen in harbours and similar areas close to human activity, although now they only breed on offshore islands. California sea lions spend the year moving up and down the Pacific cpast of North America.
The 4 surviving species in this formerly more diverse family are the most primitive of the ruminants, or cud-chewing animals. Of the 4, dromedaries and most of the Bactrian camels are wholly domesticated. There are still wild Bactrians in the Gobi Desert.
Capuchin monkeys are not only found in forests but also in coastal areas, where they live in mangroves and forage in the mud at low tide. The white-faced, or white-throated, capuchin ranges from Honduras in Central America and south to the Pacific coast of Colombia.