Mammals

Bear

Bear

Bears are the largest carnivores on land. However, many bears consume high proportions of vegetation in their diets - as much as 95 per cent in some species. Bears have small eyes and ears and large snouts. Their sense of smell is extremely well developed.

Bearded Seal

Bearded Seal

The name of this seal originates from the prominent rows of long, pale, spiralling whiskers on its snout, which create the impression of a beard. They haul themselves on to the floes for a rest and then dive between the broken ice to feed.

Beluga Whale

Beluga Whale

Belugas possess a remarkable ability to find open stretches of water in the Arctic pack ice, enabling them to surface and breathe in this environment. Beluga means "white" in Russian, so these whales are sometimes called white whales.

Bengal Tiger

Bengal Tiger

The Bengal Tigers live solitary lives, hunting on their own. They are opportunistic hunters, favouring large quarry, and have been known to attack people on occasion. These man-eaters are often injured or infirm, and can develop a taste for human flesh.

Bighorn Sheep

Bighorn Sheep

Occurring in suitable mountainous habitat across their extensive range, individual bighorn sheep populations tend to remain localized rather than mixing together. Bighorn sheep are the most common wild sheep in North America.

Bison

Bison

About 2000 years ago, the wisent — as the European bison is often known — ranged right across Europe and Asia from Britain to Siberia. However, persistent hunting pressure and forest clearance resulted in the species becoming extinct in the wild in 1927.

Black Bear

Black Bear

These particular bears favour thickly forested mountainous areas. They are highly territorial, with individual males occupying areas of up to 100 km2 (40 square miles). They live in the conifer forests of Canada and a few wilderness areas as far south as Mexico.

Black Spider Monkey

Black Spider Monkey

Only surpassed by the gibbons for grace and agility in the trees, the black spider monkey, with its extremely long limbs and tail, is the most adept and acrobatic of all New World monkeys. This species is light in build, with a small head.

Blackbuck

Blackbuck

The only species in its genus, the blackbuck is one of the few antelope in which the coloration of male and female is dissimilar. The dominant male in the herd is dark, almost black on back and sides and has long, spirally twisted horns.

Blue Whale

Blue Whale

Blue whales are also probably the biggest creatures that have ever lived. It has a blue-grey body, with spots along its back and a pale pleated throat. The blue whale may weigh more than 161 US t (146 te). Its body is streamlined and, despite its enormous bulk.