Mammals

Antelope

Antelope

Antelopes are a large group of hoofed animals that live mainly in Africa, with a few living in Asia. Antelopes belong to the same group of mammals as cattle, bison, sheep and goats. Antelopes and their relatives have horns rather than antlers.

Ape

Ape

In spite of their name, these primates are monkeys rather than apes, and the only ones to be found in Europe, albeit in a very small area. The Gibraltarian population consists of around 200 monkeys, which live on the steepsided rock.

Arctic Fox

Arctic Fox

Found further north than any other member of the dog family, the Arctic fox is well-adapted to this incredibly harsh environment. They lives in the Scandinavia and is also found in Greenland, Siberia and the high Arctic of North America.

Arctic Hare

Arctic Hare

Arctic hares live in northern North America, from Labrador and Newfoundland in the south to the Mackenzie River Delta in northern Canada. They also live on the many islands of the Canadian Arctic province of Nunavut.

Argali

Argali

The argali is the largest species of wild sheep in the world, standing 120 cm (47 in) tall at the shoulder. Unfortunately, it is also endangered. The massive horns of the rams have led to these sheep being heavily hunted in some areas.

Armadillo

Armadillo

Armadillos are digging animals. They have short, powerful limbs with strong, curved claws. They can dig burrows rapidly and some species do this as a means of escaping predators. When they are not active, armadillos rest underground in their burrows.

Asian Black Bear

Asian Black Bear

This species is known by various names, including the Tibetan black bear and the moon bear, because of its chest marking. They have been heavily hunted in recent years for their gall bladders, which are highly sought-after in Chinese medicine.

Asian Elephant

Asian Elephant

These elephants are highly significant in the cultures of many of the countries they inhabit, as well as being beasts of burden. The Asian elephant is one of the world’s largest land animals, second only to its close relative, the African elephant.

Atlantic Spotted Dolphin

Atlantic Spotted Dolphin

The Atlantic spotted dolphin is found all around the warmer parts of the Atlantic Ocean. Along the North American coast, the species occurs in the waters off Florida and in the Gulf of Mexico. The dolphin rarely moves more than 350 km (220 miles) from the coast.

Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin

Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin

The Atlantic white-sided dolphin is seldom found near shore. It prefers instead to swim far out to sea in the clear water on the edge of the continental shelf, where the sea floor plunges to the great depths of the mid-ocean.